GLOSSARY
Title Description
Major A specialization or the main focus during the undergraduate degree. Students will generally complete at least 50 percent of all coursework in their major subject area. < /td>
Minor A secondary concentration of courses that often complements the major. It usually requires 25 percent of all coursework to be completed in the minor subject area. < /td>
Double degree Double degree or double major is offered by many universities in USA and Australia. If you complete two degrees simultaneously, it typically takes less time and you receive two awards when graduating. < /td>
Bachelor's degree An undergraduate qualification that takes 3-4 years to complete. Typically, students either immediately focus on a specific program which is the degree. Alternatively, students start with a more general program and in the second academic year, they chose major and minor specializations. < /td>
College A postsecondary institution that provides an undergraduate education and, in some cases, master's and doctorate degrees. College, in a separate sense, is a division of a university; for example, College of Business. < /td>
Course Regularly scheduled class sessions of one to five hours (or more) per week during a term. A degree program is made up of a specified number of required and elective courses and varies from institution to institution. < /td>
Community College A postsecondary institution that offers associate degree programs, as well as technical and vocational programs. < /td>
Credits Units that most colleges and universities use to record the completion of courses (with passing grades) that are required for an academic degree. < /td>
Department An administrative subdivision of a school, college, or university through which instruction in a certain field of study is given (such as English department or history department). < /td>
Doctoral Degree The highest academic degree conferred by a university to students who have completed graduate study beyond the bachelor's and/or master's degree. Students should demonstrate their academic ability through oral and written examinations and original research presented in the form of a dissertation. Also known as Ph.D. or Doctor of Philosophy. < /td>
Electives Courses that may be chosen from any field of study and not necessarily related to your major or focus area. Electives give students an opportunity to explore other topics or subjects of interest. < /td>
Faculty AUSTRALIA/JAPAN: Most large institutions are divided into sections, based on subjects or fields of study. At some institutions, these sections are called Faculties. They are also known as Colleges and Schools. USA: People who teach courses at U.S. colleges and universities. Faculty members may include professors, associate professors, assistant professors, and instructors. < /td>
Financial Aid A general term that includes all types of money, loans, and work/study programs offered to a student to help pay tuition, fees, and living expenses. < /td>
Freshman A first-year student at a secondary school, college, or university. < /td>
Full-time student A student who is enrolled in an institution taking a full load of courses; the number of courses and hours is specified by the institution. < /td>
GPA (grade point average) An internationally recognized method of assigning a numerical index on a scale; it provides a summary of academic performance. The combined average of a student's grades for all academic coursework completed. AUSTRALIA: Grades are usually assigned in letters and are based on a 7.0 or 4.0 GPA scale. JAPAN: Grades are assigned depending on the university. Some universities use 10-100% scale, some Japanese grading system called Kanji and some a 4.0 GPA scale. USA: Grades are usually assigned in letters and are based on a 4.0 GPA scale. < /td>
GRE (Graduate Record Examination) USA: A standardized test of verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and analytical writing that measures readiness for graduate-level study in the USA. < /td>
Honors program USA: A challenging program for students with high grades. It is often more focused on research than regular degrees. AUSTRALIA: In some cases it is an extra year of study that is additional to a bachelor degree in a discipline. < /td>
IELTS (International English Language Testing System ) An English language proficiency examination of applicants whose native language is not English. < /td>
English Language Requirement A requirement of many programs for International applicants. To pass students must show basic reading and writing proficiency in the English language. Typically demonstrated by passing IELTS or TOEFL examinations. < /td>
Liberal Arts Academic studies of subjects in the humanities, the social sciences with the goal of developing students' verbal, written, and reasoning skills. < /td>
Thesis Advisor For research degrees, the professor who works closely with a student in planning and choosing a research plan, in conducting the research, and in presenting the results. Also known as Research Advisor. < /td>
Master's degree Degree awarded upon completion of academic requirements that usually include a minimum of one year's study beyond the bachelor's degree. < /td>
Postgraduate degree USA: Usually refers to studies for individuals who have completed a graduate degree. May also be used to refer to graduate education. AUSTRALIA: Degree that commences after Bachelor's degree. Could be a graduate certificate, graduate diploma, masters, or doctorate program. < /td>
Prerequisites Programs or courses that a student is required to complete before being permitted to enroll in a more advanced program or course < /td>
SAT A primarily multiple-choice test of mathematics and English that is used for admission into an undergraduate program in USA. < /td>
SAT Subject Test USA: A multiple-choice test that measures your knowledge in specific subject areas, such as Biology, Chemistry or History. Typically required only for very competitive undergraduate universities and colleges in USA. < /td>
Scholarship A study grant that may wave or cover tuition and/or fees, room and board, or travel expenses. Typically awarded based on academic merit. < /td>
Senior A fourth-year student at a secondary school, college, or university. < /td>
Sophomore A second-year student at a secondary school, college, or university. < /td>
SEVIS (Student and Exchange Visitor Information System USA: An Internet-based system that maintains records of foreign students and exchange visitors before and during their stay in the United States. It is part of the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) managed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. < /td>
TEOFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) An English language proficiency examination of applicants whose native language is not English. < /td>
ACT (American College Testing) USA: Undergraduate university entry examination that includes sections on English, mathematics, social studies, and natural sciences. Accepted at most US schools as an alternative to the SAT < /td>
Tuition fee The money an institution charges for instruction and training (does not include the cost of books). < /td>
Thesis A written work containing the results of research on a specific topic prepared by a candidate for a bachelor's or master's degree. < /td>
Humanities Subjects in which the primary focus is on human culture (history, philosophy, language, literature). < /td>
Need-blind admissions A type of admissions when an applicant's ability to pay for their education will not be a factor in the admission decision. < /td>
EJU (The Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students) A Japanese language test which is used to evaluate international student’s Japanese language skills and basic academic abilities. < /td>
JLPT (Japanese-Language Proficiency Test) JAPAN: A standardized Japanese language test which evaluates non-Japanese speaker’s Japanese Language proficiency < /td>
GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) A standardized computer-based test used by my most Business graduate schools (mostly for Master of Business Administration) in USA and Australia. < /td>
Recommendor A professor or a supervisor who can write a recommendation letter and vouch for your qualifications or achievements. Also known as Evaluator or Reference. < /td>
Private institutions Institutions that are not funded by the government. < /td>
Public institutions Institutions that are funded by local government. < /td>
Academic Transcript An official document of a student’s academic record which includes all the courses taken, grades received and degree conferred from the beginning to the completion of a degree. Also known as Transcript. < /td>
No Objection Letter A type of legal certificate issued by Nepal's government that is required to obtain before studying abroad. < /td>
Academic Adviser A member of a college faculty who helps and advises students solely on academic matters. < /td>
GoN Abbreviation for Government of Nepal. < /td>
OCHC (Overseas Student Health Cover) Australia: An insurance required for all international students. It meets the costs of medical and hospital care that they may need while in Australia. OSHC will also pay limited benefits for pharmaceuticals and ambulance services. < /td>
Merit A measure of academic or other excellence. Often a part of selection criteria for scholarships. < /td>
Graduate Diploma A graduate diploma is usually a two semesters (one year) of full-time study. It provides you with ongoing professional development. It can be a pathway into a master’s, or master’s advanced degree as well as, in some cases, higher degree by research programs. < /td>
COE/eCoE (Certificate Of Enrolment) Australia/Japan: A letter, either hard copy or electronic copy, send by the school to the student to confirm their enrolment in the school. < /td>
*These useful terms have been gathered from official educational websites in Australia, Japan, and the USA: